Monitor Adjustment

When to Adjust the Monitor

There are many occasions when you may have to adjust the internal settings on the monitor for best display. Keep in mind, these are adjustments on the monitor itself, not within the Windows operating system. For that reason, the adjustments are not 'standard', but are dependent on the monitor manufacturer's own specifications.


Common Monitor Adjustments

While there may be differences between hardware units, there are some adjustments that are pretty standard.


      • The picture should never go off the screen The 'face' of a computer monitor. CRT monitor screens are measured from corner to corner, which normally results in over stating the screen size, because part of the screen is covered by the monitor case. LCD monitor measurements are more accurate, because they have no 'curve' to hide a portion of the screen. , and can be adjusted so that the display 1) To present or show, as in 'to display the contents of a folder', or perhaps a picture. Or... 2) The overall 'look-and-feel' of the computer 'Desktop', including fonts, icons, colors, pictures, and more. Or... 3) May also be used to describe the attached monitor, or monitor settings, as in 'My display is a 17" Sony'. fills the screen on all four sides to within 1/4 inch of the physical edge, to avoid 'wasted' area on the monitor The primary output device for display of computer data. There are several technologies used in building monitor displays, including cathode ray tube (CRT), liquid crystal display (LCD), and more recently, gas plasma, a 'flat screen' technology that allows construction of monitors so narrow (front-to-back) they can be hung on the wall. that is just black edges..

        • This adjustment is often necessary after adjusting screen size in the Windows 'Windows' is the trade-marked name of a computer operating system (OS) created and owned by Microsoft Corporation of Redmond, Washington, U.S.A. Versions of Windows include Windows 95, 98, ME, 2000, and XP (XP is the current Windows version). Each of these iterations added functionality or stability (or both) to the version before it. 'Display ' dialog Also called 'dialog box'. A 'dialog' is two-way communication (as opposed to a 'monologue'). Dialogs are separate windows that display information so the user can indicate preferences from the choices offered. The purpose of a dialog is to allow you and your computer to 'talk' to each other, to accomplish a task. box.

          • Adjustments are provided for Horizontal Size, Vertical Size, Horizontal Position, and Vertical Position.

      • The picture can be adjusted for brightness and contrast.

        • These adjustments may be necessary due to a change in room lighting, or a change of location for the monitor.

          • Adjustments are provided for 'Brightness', and for 'Contrast'.



How to Adjust the Monitor

The exact steps for these adjustments vary from one monitor manufacturer to another, but we will show you some common icons used to access the adjustments, and explain what they do to adjust your monitor.




Monitor Adjustment Icons

The icons, or 'symbols' are common from one monitor to the next.


The icons and explanations below are a guide only. Monitor manufacturers may have their own, proprietary specs.


Highlight To darken or outline one or more objects such as files, folders, menu selections or other objects. Highlighting tells the user which items are currently 'selected' for actions. and select To choose one or more objects for an action (such as copy, or format). Selected objects are distinguished by a 'darkening' of the object. To select a single object, left click it. You may perform an action on multiple items at once by 'selecting' the items, then choosing the action. For example, to 'bold' multiple characters in a document, 'select' a 'block' of characters, then click the 'bold' tool on the document processor's toolbar. this icon A very small pictorial representation of an item or function. For instance, if you wish to 'cut' an item from a document, you can select the item, then click the icon that represents the 'Cut' tool (a picture of a pair of scissors). Icons may also represent programs. You may start a program by clicking the program icon on the desktop. to increase or decrease the brightness of your monitor.

Highlight and select this icon to increase or decrease the contrast of your display

Highlight and select this icon to increase or decrease the size of the display across the screen (horizontally).

Highlight and select this icon to move the display right or left (horizontally) on your monitor.

Highlight and select this icon to move the display up or down (vertically) on your monitor.

Highlight and select this icon to increase or decrease the size of the display from top to bottom on the screen (vertically).



These instructions are intended for 'desktop 1) All the things you see when you first start your computer - before you 'open' any programs - such as icons to start programs and your favorite picture. 2) The top of your desk at home or the office, where you put the most-used tools, ready when needed. 2) A non-portable computer, as opposed to a 'laptop' computer. ' CRT monitors. LCD and Gas Plasma A type of monitor or display. The display panel may be only 3" -4" thick from front to back - about the thickness of a picture frame. The display may in fact be 4-5 feet wide by 2 feet tall, and offers excellent rich color viewing at angles up to 160 degrees. Technology is similar to LCD in that it uses a gas mixture placed between two glass plates displays may or may not have adjustment mechanisms similar to these, and most laptop displays are NOT adjusted externally, as they are factory set.